Located in Pink City of Jaipur, 300 kms from Delhi and 293 kms from Agra.
Jantar Mantar in Jaipur, is the most famous of the five observatories built
by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. The king who was highly fascinated by the
Universe and the Cosmos, constructed five astronomical observatories in
India between 1728 and 1734. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, was the Rajput
ruler of Amber and also the founder of Jaipur city. The name Jantar Mantar
comes from the Sanskrit words 'Yantra Mantra', meaning instruments and
formulae. The Jantar Mantar of Jaipur was built in 1928 to check the
astronomical observation in the town. The Sun dial at Jantar Mantar is one
of the major attractions for tourists. Other attractions of the observatory
include a massive hemisphere and many wonderful masonry instruments. Jantar
Mantar houses famous instruments like the Jaiprakash Yantra, Samrat Yantra,
Ram Yantra and the Composite instrument.
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, who was a learned man and an
astronomer, sent his envoys to various parts of the world. They came back
with numerous manuals and astronomical tables. In addition they also brought
abundant information related to the developments made in the field of
astronomy. One of these manuals was La Hire's "Tables" which
impressed the king. Maharaja Sawai Jai Sing II ordered that the observatory
should be built according to the data available in this manual.
Interestingly, after the completion of Jantar Mantar it was discovered that
the observatory was more accurate than the Table itself.
Jai Singh himself designed the observatory and got it built it with stone
and masonry instruments. The observatory incorporates multiple buildings of
unique form, each with a specialized function for astronomical measurement.
These structures with their interesting combinations of geometric patterns
at large scale, have caught the attention of architects, artists and art
historians all over the world. In fact the trip of Jaipur is incomplete
without a visit to Jantar Mantar.
How to Reach Jantar Mantar
Jaipur is easily reachable by air, rail and road routes. Flights are
available from Delhi and other major cities of the country. Trains are
available from major cities of the country. Jaipur is connected by state and
national highways to rest of the country. Buses are available from important
places of Rajasthan and also from Delhi and Agra.